Statistical information on industries often originates from government sources. The U.S. government has the resources and expertise to produce high quality statistics. Sometimes private companies update government statistics or repackage it in more convenient forms. Industry associations and private companies may also produce statistics not available from government sources.
When using statistics you may need to read introductory material and footnotes, so that you understand what the statistics were designed to measure and any limitations of the statistics.
The Census Bureau produces may useful statistical series for industries. These sites can take some work to figure out, but they are free. Statistical tables can often be manipulated or downloaded in useful forms.
CRB Commodity Yearbook
This volume presents commodity statistics from numerous government and private sources. Useful for agricultural products, energy resources, metals, and some processed products such as plastics or lumber. Subscription was cancelled due to high cost/low use. Most recent volume is 2008.
On Reserve at the Circulation Desk HF 1041 .C56 2008
Agriculture, Mining, and Construction USA
Reference HD 9005 .A47x 1998
Manufacturing & Distribution USA
Reference HD 9721 .M3495 2000
Transportation and Public Utilities USA
Reference HE 202.5 .T72 1998
These reference works pull together historical data from many sources in a convenient arrangement by SIC code. Many of the tables provided can be updated using the Economics Census sources described above.